Ather is a faculty member in the Department of Pediatrics and directs the Yale Adult and Pediatric Integrative Medicine Clinic at the Yale School of Medicine. His clinical practice focuses on general integrative medicine, including chronic pain syndromes in adults and children. He has been involved with a number of clinical trials of complementary therapies, including massage therapy, nutritional supplements, and dietary interventions. He is currently supported by a NIH Career Development Award (K23) to study mindfulness meditation in chronic pain conditions in adolescents. Other current research focuses on dietary interventions for irritable bowel syndrome and the human microbiome. He is a founding Director of Integrative Medicine at Yale and part of the Executive Committee of the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine, and involved in national leadership roles in other integrative medicine organizations. He has degrees and formal training in psychobiology, naturopathic medicine, integrative medicine, clinical trials, nutrition, clinical epidemiology, public health, health services research, community-based research, leadership, healthcare economics, and biomedical ethics. He has taught and lectured on integrative medicine in a variety of local, national, and international venues.